Death of Archimedes
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A mosaic originally believed to date from ancient times, but now thought to be an 18th century copy or falsification. The central portion shown here is 35 by 27 centimeters and is surrounded by an 8-centimeter border. Located in the Städtische Galerie Liebieghaus, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

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A brown and black charcoal (42.6 x 38.9 centimeters, on three sheets pasted together, c. 1848-50) by the French artist Honoré Daumier (1808-79). Located in the Szépmüvészeti Museum of Fine Arts, Budapest, Hungary.

References: [1] The Drawings of Daumier and Millet by Bruce Laughton, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 1991 (page 51). [2] Honoré Daumier by Bruce Laughton, Yale University Press, New Haven & London, 1996 (page 27).

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An oil painting (42.5 x 60.5 centimeters) by the Italian artist Sebastiano Ricci (1659-1734) entitled “The Refusal of Archimedes”. It shows Archimedes refusing to accompany a Roman soldier, who thereupon slew him. The painting is located in the Hannover State Museum, Hannover, Germany.

Enlarged image from the Zeno digital library of Germany:
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An oil painting by the French artist Thomas Degeorge (1786-1854) entitled “La Mort ďArchimède”. It was painted in 1815 and is located in the Musée ďArt Roger-Quilliot in Clermont-Ferrand, France.

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A fresco entitled “Archimède tué par le soldat” (“Archimedes killed by the soldier”) by the French artist Eugène Delacroix (1798-1863), painted during 1838-47. It appears on one of five cupolas in the library of the Palais Bourbon in Paris.

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An illustration from a poster for a meeting celebrating Archimedes held in Syracuse, Sicily, on April 11-16, 1961. It is based on a painting by the Italian artist Niccolò Barabino (1832-1891), now located in the Modern Art Gallery of the Revoltella Museum in Trieste, Italy.

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An oil painting (117 x 235 centimeters) by the Italian artist Giovan Battista Langetti (1635-1676) entitled “Archimedes with Allegorical Figures of War and Peace”, now part of a private collection.

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An engraving from an 18th-century Italian book by Giovanni Maria Mazzuchelli (1707-65) entitled Notizie Isotoriche e Critiche Intorno alla Vita, alle Invenzioni, ed agli Scritti di Archimede Siracusano.

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An engraving after a painting by the French painter Gustave Courtois (1853-1923).

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A book illustration from an unknown source.

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An engraving from an 1882 book entitled A Pictorial History of the World’s Great Nations from the Earliest Dates to the Present Time, Vol. I (page 256) by Charlotte Mary Yonge. A caption reads “The Last Hour of Archimedes”.

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An illustration from the page of an unidentified book in the files of the Print and Picture Collection of the Free Library of Philadelphia. A caption reads “Tod des Archimedes”.

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An engraving by Morace after a painting by P. F. Mola. From a plate of a series entitled “Galerie du Palais-Royal” published in Paris in 1786 by J. Couche and J. Bouillard.

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Painting by the Italian artist Pier Francesco Mola (1612-1666) entitled “La mort d'Archimède” (dated 1660, 122 x 135 centimeters). The thumbnail view is from an auction catalog of the Babuino Auction House (Rome, Italy), which sold the painting in May 2003.

An illustration from the Beacon Lights of History book series authored by John Lord (1810-1894). A caption reads, “The Death of Archimedes. After the painting by E. Vimont.” Edouard Vimont was a French artist (1846-1930). Notice the armillary sphere the soldier has his left hand on, the Archimedes screw in the upper righthand corner, and the diagram behind the chair of the sphere with the circumscribed cylinder that was placed on Archimedes' tomb.

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Woodcut from a 1568 edition of Livy's History of Rome from its Foundation published by Wingandus Gallus in Frankfurt, Germany. The illustration is by Jost Ammon (1539-1591). Scanned from a copy owned by the Washington State University Library (Pullman, Washington, USA).

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A modern illustration of the death of Archimedes on a piece of papyrus from the Centro del Papiro in Syracuse, Sicily. Syracuse was a major supplier of papyrus in ancient times. A caption reads “L'uccisione di Archimede”.

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"The Lunatic at Syracuse"

István Farkas (Hungarian 1887-1944)
1930, tempera on wood, 80 x 99 cm
Hungarian National Gallery (Budapest, Hungary)

This painting “protests against the assassination of Archimedes . . . and dangers threatening 20th century man.” An enlarged view (872 x 690 pixels, 100 kilobytes), together with an interpretation, is available at a site dedicated to the fine arts in Hungary.