
Quick facts about Archimedes . . .
Born 
About 287 BC in Syracuse, Sicily. At the time Syracuse was an independent Greek citystate with a 500year history.
 Died 
212 or 211 BC in Syracuse when it was being sacked by a Roman army. He was killed by a Roman soldier who did not know who he was.
 Education 
Probably studied in Alexandria, Egypt, under the followers of Euclid.
 Family 
His father was an astronomer named Phidias and he was probably related to Hieron II, the king of Syracuse. It is not known whether he was married or had any children.
 Inventions 
Many war machines used in the defense of Syracuse, compound pulley systems, planetarium, water screw (possibly), water organ (possibly), burning mirrors (very unlikely).
 Fields of Science Initiated 
Hydrostatics, static mechanics, pycnometry (the measurement of the volume or density of an object). He is called the “father of integral calculus” and also the “father of mathematical physics”.
 Major Writings 
On plane equilibriums, Quadrature of the parabola, On the sphere and cylinder, On spirals, On conoids and spheroids, On floating bodies, Measurement of a circle, The Sandreckoner, On the method of mechanical problems.
 Place in History 
Generally regarded as the greatest mathematician and scientist of antiquity and one of the three greatest mathematicians of all time (together with Isaac Newton (English 16431727) and Carl Friedrich Gauss (German 17771855)).



About this site . . .
This site is a virtual book about Archimedes, who is widely regarded as the greatest mathematician and scientist in antiquity. Here I have compiled knowledge about Archimedes’ inventions, the numerous fields of science and mathematics he created, discussions of many of his finished works—and my own research that extends and applies Archimedean principles to 21^{st} century problems. I created this site in 1995, and it has been under continual development and expansion since then.
Chris Rorres


ARCHIMEDES IN THE 21ST CENTURY
Proceedings of a
World Conference
at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences
Edited by Chris Rorres
Springer International Publishing AG
1st edition, 2017
xvii+160 pages, 127 illus., 103 illus. in color
ISBN 9783319580586 (hardcover)
ISBN 9783319580593 (eBook)
A product of Birkhäuser Basel


This book is a collection of papers presented at the
ARCHIMEDES IN THE 21ST CENTURY World Conference, held at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences in 2013. The conference focused on the enduring and continuing influence of Archimedes in our modern world, celebrating his centuries of influence on mathematics, science, and engineering. Only a modest background in math is required to read this book,
making it accessible to curious readers of all ages.
C O N T E N T S
Archimedes the Pragmatic Engineer
Archimedes the Military Engineer
Archimedes the Geometer
Archimedes the Mathematician
Archimedes and Ship Design
Archimedes Screw in the TwentyFirst Century
Archimedes, Astronomy, and the Planetarium
Archimedes in the Twenty‑First Century Imagination

· · · · · · · ·

Moshe Kam
Larrie D. Ferreiro
Mamikon Mnatsakanian
Chris Rorres
Horst Nowacki
Dirk M. Nuernbergk
Michael T. Wright
Mary Jaeger



ARCHIMEDES AND THE QUEST FOR THE
THEORY OF EVERYTHING



