Applied Mathematics Seminar
Spring 2021
Most seminars are Fridays at 2:30p.m. in Warren Weaver Hall Rm 1302.
Fall 2020 Semester seminars will be held on Zoom
Questions or comments? Please email: Leif Ristroph, Miranda HolmesCerfon, Sohpie Marbach, Samuel Boury
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Past Events

Friday, April 19, 20242:30PM, Warren Weaver Hall 1302
Guiding Stress: From Pentamodes to Cable Webs to Masonry Structures
Graeme Milton, University of UtahSynopsis:
Pentamode materials are a class of materials that are useful for guiding stress. In particular, they have been proposed for acoustic cloaking by guiding stress around objects, and have been physically constructed. A key feature of pentamode materials is that each vertex in the material is the junction of 4 double cone elements. Thus the tension in one element determines the tension in the other elements, and by extension uniquely determines the stress in the entire metamaterial. Here we show how this key feature can be extended to discrete wire networks, supporting forces at the terminal nodes and which may have internal nodes where no forces are applied. In usual wire or cable networks, such as in a bridge or bicycle wheel, one distributes the forces by adjusting the tension in the wires. Here our discrete networks provide an alternative way of distributing the forces through the geometry of the network. In particular the network can be chosen so it is uniloadable, i.e. supports only one set of forces at the terminal nodes. Such uniloadable networks provide the natural generalization of pentamode materials to discrete networks. We extend such a problem to compressiononly 'strut nets' subjected to fixed and variable nodal loads. These systems provide discrete element models of masonry bodies, which lie inside the polygon/polyhedron with vertices at the points of application of the given forces ('underlying masonry structures'). In particular, we solve the twodimensional problem where one wants the strut net to avoid a given set of obstacles, and also allow some of the forces to be reactive ones. This is joint work with Ada Amendola, Guy Bouchitté, Andrej Cherkaev, Antonio Fortunato, Fernando Fraternali, Ornella Mattei, and Pierre Seppecher.