Atmosphere Ocean Science Colloquium
Stochastic Models and Statistics for Extreme Precipitation Events
Speaker: Sam Stechmann
Location: Warren Weaver Hall 1302
Date: Wednesday, October 29, 2014, 3:30 p.m.
In the Tropics, storms and convection occur intermittently and have a major impact on weather and climate. In recent years, tropical rainfall statistics have been shown to conform to paradigms of critical phenomena and statistical physics. To gain further insight into these statistics and extreme events, this talk presents simple stochastic models for the statistics of precipitation events and water vapor dynamics (local in space, and evolving in time). Through exact solutions and simple numerics, a suite of observed rainfall statistics is reproduced by the model, including power-law distributions and long-range correlations. The key ingredients of the model are the dynamics of column water vapor, governed by a combination of Gaussian stochastic forcing and nonlinearity provided via a threshold and/or stochastic trigger. Also explored are the roles of deep convection versus stratiform rainfall, stochastic versus deterministic triggers, and single versus multiple thresholds (with hysteresis). Finally, these statistics are being explored in climate model simulations with collaborators in work in progress.