# Magneto-Fluid Dynamics Seminar

#### Direct identification of important coil deviations to avoid error fields using the Hessian matrix method

**Speaker:**
Caoxiang Zhu, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

**Location:**
Warren Weaver Hall 905

**Date:**
Tuesday, October 8, 2019, 11 a.m.

**Synopsis:**

Error fields are predominantly attributed to inevitable coil imperfections. Controlling error fields during coil fabrication and assembly is crucial for stellarators. Excessively tight coil tolerance increases time and cost, and, in part, led to the cancellation of the National Compact Stellarator Experiment and delay of W7-X. In this talk, we develop a Hessian matrix method to rapidly identify important coil deviations. Two of the most common figures of merit, magnetic island size and quasi-symmetry, are analytically differentiated over coil parameters. By extracting the eigenvectors of the Hessian matrix, we can directly identify sensitive coil deviations in the order of the eigenvalues. The new method is applied to the upcoming Chinese First Quasi-axisymmetric Stellarator configuration. Important perturbations that enlarge n/m = 4/11 islands and deteriorate quasi-axisymmetry of the magnetic field are successfully determined. The results suggest each modular coil should have separate tolerance and some certain perturbation combinations will produce significant error fields. By relaxing unnecessary coil tolerance, this method will hopefully lead to a substantial reduction in time and cost.